The Mahabharata Home
Book 6: Bhishma Parva
Kisari Mohan Ganguli, tr.
This book of the Mahabharata is important for two reasons.
First of all, it contains the Bhagavad Gita, the best-known
Hindu sacred text.
Secondly, this book describes the start of the enormous battle which
is the center-piece of the work, specifically the first ten days of
conflict, up to the fate of the hero Bhishma.
The Bhishma Parva starts with an overture of apocalyptic and unnatural portents.
It then immediately digresses into a treatise on geography
and natural history--one of several texts which the great epic
accreted over time.
After this comes the Bhagavad Gita, which unlike some of the other digressions,
is a good thematic fit in the narrative.
Arjuna, facing a battle in which he will have to fight
many of his immediate relatives, is understandably hesitant to fight.
The Avatar Krishna then proceeds to explain to Arjuna why he must
fulfill his duty as a warrior, and how he can emerge from this spiritual
crisis of conscience with a clean slate.
This text deals with the contradictions of living a devotional life
in an imperfect world.
Even non-Hindus have found the Gita meaningful for this reason.
Then Krishna reveals to Arjuna his divine form; this section is one
of the best attempts to describe the indescribable ever written.
Finally we move on to the battle itself, which occupies two-thirds of Book 6,
a relentless and immersive description of the horror of war.
This is literally a blow-by-blow description of each incident of combat
over a period of ten days.
And this is no ordinary battle.
The combatants absorb incredible numbers of arrows and are still standing,
ready to fight the next day.
The field is stalked by vampires and cannibals.
There are rivers and oceans of blood and gore.
The heroes wield superweapons and magic spells,
only described elliptically,
with which they slay thousands of opponents at a time.
And at the end we learn how Bhishma, the undefeatable leader of Duryodhana's
army, is finally brought down.
--John Bruno Hare, January 23, 2004.
Jamvu-khanda Nirmana Parva
Section XXV (Bhagavad Gita Chapter I)
Section XXVI (Bhagavad Gita Chapter II)
Section XXVII (Bhagavad Gita Chapter III)
Section XXVIII (Bhagavad Gita Chapter IV)
Section XXIX (Bhagavad Gita Chapter V)
Section XXX (Bhagavad Gita Chapter VI)
Section XXXI (Bhagavad Gita Chapter VII)
Section XXXII (Bhagavad Gita Chapter VIII)
Section XXXIII (Bhagavad Gita Chapter IX)
Section XXXIV (Bhagavad Gita Chapter X)
Section XXXV (Bhagavad Gita Chapter XI)
Section XXXVI (Bhagavad Gita Chapter XII)
Section XXXVII (Bhagavad Gita, Chapter XIII)
Section XXXVIII (Bhagavad Gita Chapter XIV)
Section XXXIX (Bhagavad Gita Chapter XV)
Section XL (Bhagavad Gita Chapter XVI)
Section XLI (Bhagavad Gita, Chapter XVII)
Section XLII (Bhagavad Gita, Chapter XVIII)